Maritime methanol

It is light, colourless, volatile, and flammable liquid at ambient conditions. It is water-soluble and biodegradable.

Chemically, methanol is the simplest alcohol, and its formula is CH3OH. It is water-soluble and biodegradable. It can be used for many applications, such as fuel additive or fuel precursor, but also in the production of intermediate for many industrial chemicals.
To give an overview of methanol production and its origin, almost the entire amount of it comes from fossil fuels, and less than 1% is based on the use of renewable sources and to be considered as such, all feedstocks used need to be of renewable origin. Low-carbon methanol can be produced in various ways, with each method aiming to minimise CO2 emissions during production.

Here are some of the main approaches:

Routes for the production of low-carbon methanol

Renewable energies and electrolysis

Hydrogen from renewable energies: Renewable hydrogen can be produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energies (e.g. wind, solar) to generate electricity. This hydrogen is then converted to methanol using CO and CO2. The CO / CO2 required can be obtained from industrial waste gases (CCU-Carbon Capture and Utilization) or CO2 can be obtained directly from the air (DAC-direct air capture).

Biomass based processes for so-called “Biomethanol”

Hydrogen from renewable energies: Renewable hydrogen can be produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energies (e.g. wind, solar) to generate electricity. This hydrogen is then converted to methanol using CO and CO2. The CO / CO2 required can be obtained from industrial waste gases (CCU-Carbon Capture and Utilization) or CO2 can be obtained directly from the air (DAC-direct air capture).